Garrison, Anderson, & Archer (2000) suggest that successful online discussions require three elements: social presence, cognitive presence, and teaching presence.
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Garrison, D.R., Anderson, T., & Archer, W. (2000). Critical inquiry in a text-based environment: Computer conferencing in higher education. The Internet and Higher Education, 2(2-3), 87-105. Retrieved from http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1096751600000166
Garrison D.R. & Cleveland-Innes, M. (2005). Facilitating cognitive presence in online learning: Interaction is not enough. American Journal of Distance Education, 19(3), 133-148.
Hall, B.M. (2015, April). You're asking the wrong question. Faculty Focus. Retrieved from http://www.facultyfocus.com/articles/online-education/youre-asking-the-wrong-question/.
Questions for a Socratic Dialogue. Virginia Tech College of Engineering, Department of Computer Science. Retrieved from http://courses.cs.vt.edu/cs2104/Summer2014/Notes/SocraticQ.pdf
Wu, D. & Hiltz, S.R. (2004). Predicting learning from asynchronous online discussions. JALN, 8(2), 139-152.
Return to Remote Teaching: Seminars and Discussion-based Courses